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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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Polish ski jumping icon Malysz criticizes Four Hills organizers for safety rules******

WARSAW, Dec. 17 (Xinhua) -- The Polish ski jumping icon and the sporting director of the Polish Ski Association Adam Malysz claimed that safety rules applied at the 70th Four Hills Tournament are "ridiculous and unfair."

The tournament is one of the most important tests ahead of the Winter Olympics in Beijing as it will be played from December 29, 2021 to January 6, 2022 in Germany and Austria.。

Only athletes with negative coronavirus tests will be allowed to take part in the event but the organizers will only take into account the results of the test made on December 27 in Oberstdorf where the competition starts. The ski jumpers and training staff cannot test in their home country and come to Germany with a negative result.。

"It sounds very illogical, even unfair. We are vaccinated, every weekend the FIS requires us to test negative in order to receive our accreditation, and now the organizer has made up his mind to provide a German test result," Malysz told local media on Friday.。

General secretary of the Polish association Jan Winkiel said, "Logic dictates that testing should be done in the country from which you are leaving, and not only after traveling to your destination." Enditem。

Paraguay new boss vows to go all out in WC qualifying campaign******

ASUNCION, Nov. 9 (Xinhua) -- Paraguay will treat each of their remaining six 2022 FIFA World Cup qualifiers like finals as they bid for a place at football's showpiece tournament in Qatar, new manager Guillermo Barros Schelotto said on Tuesday.。

The Argentine will make his debut in the Guaranies dugout against Chile in Asuncion on Thursday before a clash against Colombia in Barranquilla next Tuesday.。

"We've had little time to work, which means we can't yet put any new ideas in place," Barros Schelotto told reporters.。

"We have to confront each opponent and try to win. We cannot afford to look back when we have six games ahead that will define our future. The group knows that Thursday is the first final and the players are aware of the responsibility that they carry. They are receptive and enthusiastic."

Barros Schelotto was appointed Paraguay's head coach on October 20, less than a week after the sacking of compatriot Eduardo Berizzo.。

The 48-year-old former Boca Juniors and LA Galaxy boss has been joined by his twin brother Gustavo, who is his assistant coach.。

Paraguay are currently eighth in the 10-team South American zone qualifying standings with 12 points from 12 matches.。

The top four teams in the group will secure a berth in next year's World Cup while the fifth-ranked team will advance to an intercontinental playoff. Enditem。

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今日谷雨,也是联合国中文日******

原标题:今日谷雨,也是联合国中文日

今日谷雨。

谷雨是春季最后一个节气。每年4月19日至21日,太阳到达黄经30°时为谷雨,源自古人“雨生百谷”之说,同时也是播种移苗、埯瓜点豆的最佳时节。

二十四节气

春雨惊春清谷天,夏满芒夏暑相连;

秋处露秋寒霜降,冬雪雪冬小大寒。

除了是谷雨,今天还是联合国中文日。

2010年,当时的联合国新闻部将中国传统农历二十四节气中的“谷雨”定为联合国中文日,以纪念“中华文字始祖”仓颉的贡献。

谷雨、联合国中文日、仓颉,它们之间是怎么联系起来的?这都要从仓颉“造字”说起。

谷雨的由来

关于谷雨的由来,有一些比较有趣的传说。据古籍《淮南子》记载,谷雨的由来与仓颉有关。

传说,在四千多年前,轩辕黄帝需要一位才能出众的史官,仓颉便走马上任了。他以结绳记事,把各项事务记录得十分清楚,颇受黄帝赏识。

但后来社会进步了,结绳记事渐渐地不再能够完全满足需求,仓颉十分发愁。

有一次,他恰好跟着一个猎人外出狩猎,猎人指着地上的各种野兽的踪迹向仓颉讲解,如何据此判断野兽的去向。

受到启发的仓颉依类象形,终于创造出文字。

当时天下正遭受灾荒,仓颉造字感动了上天,就下了一场特殊的“雨”,落下数不清的谷米粮食,后人就把这一天叫作“谷雨”。

这是神话传说中谷雨的由来。可是,“中华文字始祖”仓颉是何人?汉字真的是他创造的吗?

仓颉造字

传世文献对此有明确记载。比如,《荀子·解蔽》:“好书者众矣,而仓颉独传者一也。”《吕氏春秋·君守》:“仓颉作书。”《淮南子·本经训》:“昔者仓颉作书而天雨粟,鬼夜哭。”《论衡·骨相》:“仓颉四目,为黄帝史。”

但根据这些记载,我们并不能肯定汉字是仓颉所造。

古往今来,无论是《淮南子》所记载的类似神话的猜想,还是今人依据大量考古资料所做的科学探索,都不能视为给出了明确答案。

古书中有关仓颉的材料,最为大家熟知的就是:“昔者仓颉作书而天雨粟,鬼夜哭”和“仓颉四目,为黄帝史”。

两条材料均极为简略。“天雨粟”“鬼夜哭”“仓颉四目”几乎无异于神话传说,不能当真;“仓颉作书”“为黄帝史”倒是可以拨开迷雾,找寻历史上的蛛丝马迹。

古人不是独对汉字的创造者有过追溯,对上古时期一系列对人类社会发展有重大影响的创造发明者都有过追溯,正如《吕氏春秋·君守》记载:“奚仲作车,仓颉作书,后稷作稼,皋陶作刑,昆吾作陶,夏鲧作城。”

不过,仓颉与其他五人一样,未必是真实的历史人物,若把他当作历史上应该存在过的对该事件起过重要作用的某个或某类人的象征符号,倒是客观得多。

仓颉“为黄帝史”这一传说传递出一个重要信息,就是汉字的创造者与史官有关。

甲骨文、金文中均有很多“史”的记载,他们或主持祭祀祝祷,或记事,或宣读册命等,部分用作族氏名,而“史”这一族氏就源于其职官。

史官作为早期负责文字记录事务的人,是当时识字水平和文化程度最高的人,他们对文字的整理、传承、改造和规范自然作出过重要贡献。

文字的发明之于仓颉,与制礼作乐之于周公、造纸术之于蔡伦等历史上其他重大事件一样,都是集众多前人智慧于一身,或者进行系统整理,或者加以改进提升,于是因逐渐普及而广为人知。

这正如《荀子》所记载的:“故好书者众矣,而仓颉独传者,壹也;好稼者众矣,而后稷独传者,壹也。好乐者众矣,而夔独传者,壹也;好义者众矣,而舜独传者,壹也。”

由此看来,仓颉连接起了传统的二十四节气与现代的联合国中文日。

小知识

联合国英文日是4月23日。这是英国著名剧作家、诗人威廉·莎士比亚(1564.4.23—1616.4.23)的诞辰、逝世纪念日。这一天也是世界读书日。

联合国西班牙文日也是4月23日。这是西班牙伟大作家塞万提斯(1547.9.29—1616.4.23)的逝世纪念日。

联合国法文日是3月20日。这也是“全球法语日”,是为了纪念法语国家组织的成立。法语国家组织成立于1970年,目前有57个正式成员和20个观察员。

联合国俄文日是6月6日。这一天,是俄罗斯著名文学家、诗人、小说家亚历山大·谢尔盖耶维奇·普希金(1799.6.6—1837.1.29)的诞辰纪念日。

联合国阿拉伯语日是12月18日。这是为了纪念1973年12月18日联大通过决议将阿拉伯语列为联合国正式工作语言之一。

情报员:光明日报、中新网、外研社

编辑员:晓书虫

图片源:网络图片

Ecuador beat 10******

SANTIAGO, Nov. 16 (Xinhua) -- Pervis Estupinan and Moises Caicedo scored goals in each half as Ecuador edged closer to clinching a place at next year's FIFA World Cup with a 2-0 victory over 10-man Chile here on Tuesday.。

Estupinan fired the visitors ahead in the ninth minute with an angled left-footed finish into the far corner after a bungled defensive clearance.。

Chile were reduced to 10 men four minutes later when Arturo Vidal was shown a straight red card for striking Felix Torres with a boot to the face during an aerial duel.。

Caicedo put the result beyond doubt with a low drive from the edge of the penalty area in second-half stoppage time.。

The result leaves Ecuador third in the 10-team South American zone standings with 23 points from 14 games, six points clear of fourth-placed Colombia with four qualifiers remaining. Chile are sixth with 16 points.。

The top four teams will automatically qualify for football's showpiece tournament in Qatar while the fifth-ranked side will advance to an intercontinental playoff.。

In other South American qualifiers on Tuesday, Argentina were held to a goalless home draw by Brazil, Bolivia cruised to a 3-0 home win over Uruguay, Peru beat Venezuela 2-1 in Caracas and Colombia were held to a 0-0 home draw by Paraguay. Enditem。

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